Read about using adjectives with -ed and -ing. Then, when you are ready, try these -ed/ing adjectives practice exercises.
Differences between adjectives with -ed and -ing
When we want to say how we feel, we can use verb + ed. For example, frightened.
To describe the reason we feel like this, we use verb + ing. For example, frightening.
Spiders frighten her. (verb, present simple, permanent fact)
She is frightened. (-ed adjective)
The spider is frightening. (-ing adjective)
Actually, I quite like spiders! I think they are interesting (so I am interested in spiders).
Some more examples
There are lots of words which you can use like this. For example:
- tired / tiring
- exhausted / exhausting
- embarrassed / embarrassing
- amused / amusing
- surprised / surprising
- amazed / amazing
- astonished / astonishing
- annoyed / annoying
- shocked / shocking
- excited / exciting
- worried / worrying
- interested / interesting
- confused / confusing
- depressed / depressing
However, be careful of irregular examples:
- stressed / stressful
- delighted / delightful
- scared / scary
Now, try these -ed/ing adjectives practice exercises.