Read about how to use comparatives below. Then, when you are ready, try these comparatives practice exercises.
Making comparisons in English
We use an adjective to describe something. We use a comparative adjective (with than) to compare different things.
Julie is short. (adjective)
Julie is shorter than Maria. (comparative)
There are two main ways to make comparatives: adjective + er or more + adjective.
There are also some irregular adjectives to remember:
good → better, bad → worse, far → further
How to make comparative adjectives
adjective + er (short, one-syllable adjectives)
long → longer, fast → faster
adjective + r (short adjectives ending in -e)
large → larger, nice → nicer
adjective + consonant + er (short adjectives ending in vowel + consonant)
hot → hotter, big → bigger
adjective y + ier (adjectives ending in -y)
pretty → prettier, funny → funnier
more + adjective (long adjectives, with two or more syllables)
dangerous → more dangerous, interesting → more interesting
However, some words with two syllables can make comparatives with either -er or more. For example:
clever → cleverer / more clever, simple → simpler / more simple
If you aren't sure how to make the comparative of an adjective, check in a good dictionary (I like the online Oxford Learner's dictionary).
Don't forget: we only make one change to the adjective: you can't say more prettier
Comparatives: advanced points
We can use two comparatives together to talk about one situation which causes another situation. Use:
the + comparative + subject + verb, the + comparative + subject + verb
The earlier I wake up, the more tired I feel.
Now test yourself with these comparatives practice exercises.