B2 First: use of English part 3 (word formation with -ent and -ant)

Two common noun endings are -ance and -ence. Usually, their adjectives are made with -ant and -ent. Here are some common examples which might help you in the B2 First exam.

Look at the information in the tables for a few minutes and try to remember the words. Then click below to hide the information and try to answer the questions at the bottom.

Noun (-ence)AdjectiveVerb
evidence evident -
existence existing to exist
(in)dependence (in)dependent to depend
difference different to differ
intelligence intelligent -
(dis)obedience (dis)obedient to (dis)obey
excellence excellent to excel
silence silent to silence
violence violent to violate
innocence innocent -
occurrence - to occur
(im)patience (im)patient -

Noun (-ance)AdjectiveVerb
attendant (person)
- to attend
assistant (person)
- to assist
(dis)appearance apparent to (dis)appear
distance distant -
(un)importance (un)important -
acceptance accepting accept
reassurance reassured to reassure
(ir)relevance (ir)relevant -
(in)significance (in)significant to signify

Note: I have only given the more common word forms here. There are other forms but these are much less common (for example, it is possible to use "evidence something" as a verb).

Practice 1: word formation (use of English part 3)

Write the correct form of the word in brackets to complete these sentences. The answer could be a noun or an adjective. Don't forget to use an -s or a negative prefix if necessary.

  1. Unfortunately, accidents are a common along this road. (OCCUR)
  2. It's difficult to believe in the of aliens. (EXIST)
  3. The police are looking for of the attack. (EVIDENT)
  4. She thinks everyone hates her and needs from her friends all the time. (REASSURE)
  5. Scientist believe that the   of millions of bees is partly due to disease. (APPEAR)
  6. What's the best punishment for a teenager? (OBEY)

Practice 2: more word formation

  1. What he said was true, but it was completely . (RELEVANCE)
  2. 100% is necessary to pass this course. (ATTEND)
  3. I'm the only person who believes in his . Even the police think he's guilty. (INNOCENT)
  4. There are three shop over there - you should ask one of them for help. (ASSIST)
  5. Some people think that if you enjoy your job, the salary is , but I love money! (IMPORTANCE)
  6. I'm excited because I've just got a letter of from Cambridge University! (ACCEPT)
  7. Cats are extremely animals. They don't really need people. (DEPEND)
  8. You need a lot of if you want to work with children. (PATIENT)