B2 First: using conditionals
You will definitely need to know the rules for making conditionals, as well as similar structures with 'wish' and 'would rather'. Look at the following examples of key transformations. Follow the links if you want more information about the structures and some extra practice.
Third conditionals for the past
I crashed the car because I was talking on my mobile.
→ If I hadn't been talking on my mobile, I wouldn't have crashed the car.
Second conditionals for general / future situations
He is always late because he forgets to set his alarm clock.
→ He wouldn't be late if he remembered to set his alarm clock.
Wish / if only for past and present
I regret not studying for the exam.
→ I wish I had studied for the exam.
I would like to be rich and famous.
→ I wish I was rich and famous.
I think it's better to be rich than famous.
→ I'd sooner/rather be rich than famous.
I'd prefer not to go out tonight.
→ I'd rather we didn't go out tonight.
We also use past simple with "it's (high) time" in a similar way:
We should go now.
→ It's (high) time we went.
Practice 1: key transformations (use of English part 4)
Rewrite each of these sentences so they have the same meaning as the first. Use between 2 and 5 words, and do not change the word in brackets.