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FCE practice

Mixed Conditionals


Before you study this, make sure you understand second conditionals and third conditionals.

Second Conditionals

If I had a good job, I'd be rich.

This is an imaginary present situation, with its present result.

Third Conditionals

If I had studied medicine, I'd have become a doctor.

This is an imaginary past situation, with its past result.

Mixed Conditionals

A mixed conditional gives a situation and result - but one is in the past, and the other is in the present. For example:

If I had studied medicine at university, I'd be rich now.

This is an imaginary past situation, with an imaginary present result.

Imagined Past SituationImagined Present Result
if + had(n't) + past participlewould(n't) + verb (infinitive)
If we had taken the car,we wouldn't be late.

Imagined Present Situation Imagined Past Result
if + past simplewould(n't) + have + past participle
If I didn't love him,I wouldn't have married him.

As with all other conditionals, it doesn't matter which half of the sentence comes first:

If I didn't love him, I wouldn't have married him.

= I wouldn't have married him if I didn't love him.

The teacher wouldn't be tired now if she had gone to bed early.

Mixed Conditional practice

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