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FCE practice

Learn about -ed and -ing adjectives



ed and ing adjectives

The spider frightens her.

She is frightened.

The spider is frightening.

When we want to say how we feel, we can use -ed on the end of some verbs. For example, frighten + ed.

To describe the reason we feel like this, we use verb + ing. This could describe a person, an animal or a thing. For example, frighten + ing.

Another example:

My boss never stops talking. I feel very bored when I am with him because he is very boring.

There are lots of words which you can use like this.

  • tired / tiring
  • exhausted / exhausting
  • embarrassed / embarrassing
  • amused / amusing
  • surprised / surprising
  • amazed / amazing
  • shocked / shocking
  • excited / exciting
  • worried / worrying

(The teacher isn't frightened of spiders, but she is frightened of wasps.)

-ED / -ING adjective exercises

Next lesson: strong adjectives