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FCE practice

Learn about the verb "BE"

 

Be (am, is, are)


In the present, be changes to am, is or are:

I am happy.

He is happy.

They are happy.

We use the verb BE with adjectives and nouns:

I am a teacher. (be + noun)

I am hungry. (be + adjective)


When we speak or write informally, we use contractions. This means that am, is and are change to 'm, 's and 're.

I am happy. => I'm happy.

He is tired. => He's tired.

They are late. => They're late.


Positive sentences, negative sentences and questions are made like this:

Positive: You are late.

Negative: You aren't late.

Question: Are you late?


Positive
Iam
Youare
Heis
Sheis
Itis
Weare
Theyare
Negative
I'm not
Youaren't
Heisn't
Sheisn't
Itisn't
Wearen't
Theyaren't
Question
AmI ...?
Areyou ...?
Ishe ...?
Isshe ...?
Isit ...?
Arewe ...?
Arethey ...?


Be (was, were)


In the past, BE changes to was or were.

He was tired.

They were late.


Positive
Iwas
Youwere
Hewas
Shewas
Itwas
Wewere
Theywere
Negative
Iwasn't
Youweren't
Hewasn't
Shewasn't
Itwasn't
Weweren't
Theyweren't
Question
WasI...?
Wereyou...?
Washe...?
Wasshe...?
Wasit...?
Werewe...?
Werethey...?



We also use am/is/are to make the present continuous. We also use was/were to make the past continuous.

 

Exercises with BE Next Lesson: Present Simple

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