FCE (First Certificate)
Present Perfect Key Transformations
There are several ways of writing the same sentence using present perfect or past simple tenses. These three sentences have the same meaning:
- I haven't seen my brother for five years.
- It has been five years since I saw my brother.
- The last time I saw my brother was five years ago.
If this looks difficult, you can learn more about the present perfect on my grammar pages.
Rewrite each of these sentences so they have the same meaning as the first. Use between 2 and 5 words, and do not change the word in brackets.